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Research

Avocado Seeds ( Persiaamericana ) As Feed Supplement for Broilers

2nd Runner-Up, Life Science, Team Category, 2010 Division Science Fair and Quest

Bagabag National High School, Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya

Researchers:                 Bonn Brix Sententa

                                                Elvira Rodriquez

                                               Macky Macadangdang

Research Adviser:         Cathelyn C. Mariano

Abstract

 

            This study was conducted to determine the effectivity of avocado (Persiaamericana) as feed supplement in increasing the weight of broilers.

The avocado seeds were collected from different juice and shake vendors of Solano, Nueva Vizcaya. The drying of avocado seeds was done at Biology Laboratory of Aldersgate College. Feeding and observation of the broilers for forty two days (42) was done at Brgy. Quezon, Solano, Nueva Vizcaya.

There were three treatments in this study, each treatment consists of three broilers and they were fed according to treatments. The three treatments were as follows: treatment 1 (100% of avocado seed); treatment 2 (50% avocado seeds and 50% commercial feeds) and treatment 3 (100% commercial feeds).

Different rations were given three times a day for 42 days. Clean water was provided to broilers daily. The weight of the broilers was recorded weekly. In describing the experimental data, the mean was used in computing the difference between the initial and final weight of the broilers.

The researchers therefore conclude that the avocado seeds are effective in increasing the weight of broilers.

The null hypothesis stating that the treatment conducted which is not significantly different is rejected. This further implies that the three treatments conducted significantly differ from each other.

The Efficiency of Used Motor Oil As An Additive Component in the Production of Candle

 

Celene Angeli Dumaguing, Sharry Basilio, Rodolfo Pasion and Jearen Hesed Balagan

2nd Runner-Up, Applied Science, Team Category 2010 Division Science Fair and Quest

Bagabag National High School, Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya

Researchers:                

Celene Angeli Dumaguing

Sharry Basilio

Rodolfo Pasion

Jearen Hesed Balagan

Research Advisers:      

Cathelyn C. Mariano

Ana Norinyl R. Clemor

 

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effect of used motor oil as an additive component in candle making.

The researchers collected used motor oil from motor shops and set them aside while preparing improvised candle molders. The improvised molders which were made from used carton boxes were shaped like cylinder tube-like with sizes like ordinary candles.

Ordinary candles and left over from used candles were used.  These were melted and then used oil was added before they were solidified.

Three treatments were used in the study to determine how effective or useful used oil is as additive. The flame, the smoke and life of candles were observed to determine which treatment is effective.

Results revealed that the commercial candle was still the best to use however used oil can still be an additive in candle making.

Household consumers on the other hand generally accepted the used oil as good additive in candle making but commented that perfume should have been added to improve the smell because the smell of used oil is not pleasant.

 

 

TEXT MESSAGING: ITS IMPACT ON THE SPELLING PROFICIENCY OF THE FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF ALDERSGATE SCIENCE HIGH SCHOOL

Researchers:                

     Mikel D. Bainto

     Rheanel M. Esquejo

 Research Adviser: Debora B. Sampaga

 

Background of the Study

 Texting has become an integral part of our lives; it has developed very rapidly throughout the world.

Initial growth of text messaging starts with customers in 1995 sending an average 0.4 messages per GSM (Global System for mobile communications) per customer per month. (Wikipedia, 2009)

Today, text messaging is the most widely used mobile data service, with 35% of all mobile phones users worldwide or 4.2 million to 7.3 million phone subscribers at the end of 2003 being active users of SMS.

The largest average usage of the service by mobile phone subscribers is the Philippines with an average of 15 texts per day by subscribers. (Wikipedia, 2009)

 Text messaging is most often used between private mobile users as a substitute for voice calls situations. Popularity has grown to a sufficient extent that the term texting has enticed the people. It is a very powerful tool in the Philippines where the average user sends 10-12 text messages a day. The Philippines ends on the average 400 million test messages per day or approximately 142 billion text messages sent a year.

At the end of 2007, four of the top mobile service providers in the country stated that there are 42.78 million mobile subscribers in the Philippines; thus Philippines has become the “texting capital of the world”.

The expanding availability of text messaging has raised questions about the effect of texting on standard literacy. Many have reported unintentional intrusions of abbreviations used in texting called “textisms”- is inappropriate contexts. (Wood. Et al., 2009)

This study aims to determine whether the texting habits of the first year high school students of Aldersgate Science High School should be a concern as it significantly demeaning their spelling proficiency.

Statement of the Problem

 

            This study aims to determine the correlation between the Spelling Proficiencies of Texters and Non – texters of selected students of Aldersgate College Science High School.

            It also aims to answer the following questions:

Respondents of the study, the First Year High School students of AC Science High School

1. What is the profile of the selected students of the AC SHS as to:

1.1 gender

1.2 age

1.3 score in the spelling proficiency test

1.4 monthly income of the family

1.5 text promo availed of

1.6 length of ownership of the cell phone

1.7 amount spent in texting

1.8 frequency of texting

1.9 type of text message sent

1.10 person sent text messages to

2. Is there a significant difference between the spelling proficiency of texters and non – texters.

3. Is there a significant relationship between the spelling proficiency of texters when group according to the following variables:

1.1 gender

1.2 age

1.3 score in the spelling proficiency test

1.4 monthly income of the family

1.5 text promo availed of

1.6 length of ownership of the cell phone

1.7 amount spent in texting

1.8 frequency of texting

1.9 type of text message sent

1.10 person sent text messages to

Statement of Hypothesis

           Null Hypothesis

There is no skeptical effect of texting to the spelling proficiency of the first year high school students of Aldersgate College.

           Alternative Hypothesis

There is a negative effect of texting to the spelling proficiency of the first year high school students of Aldersgate College.

Scope and Delimitation of the Study

The study is confined to determine if there is a negative effect of texting to the spelling proficiency of First year High School students of Aldersgate College through a series of survey conducted, during the first semester, school year 2009-2010.

Significance of the Study

To get a better idea of the effects of texting on teenagers and how much this technology was actually being used, a survey was conducted in Aldersgate College Science High School Solano, Nueva Vizcaya. Seventy- two First Year high School students were asked questions about their usage of texting and instant messaging. To ensure the honesty of the answers, the surveys were anonymous and the students were told that their answers would not be used against them.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

After floating questionnaires regarding the effect of texting to the spelling proficiency of first year student of Aldersgate College Science High School, the researchers came up with the following significant data:

People whom they sent messages to

PEOPLE WHOM THEY SEND MESSAGES RANK
1 2 3 4
M F   % M F   % M F   % M F   %
FAMILY AND OTHER RELATIVES 11 8 19 26.4 5 10 15 20.8 5 15 25 34.7 4 2 6 6.9
FRIENDS AND CLASSMATES 8 17 25 36.1 14 19 33 45.8 7 5 12 16.7 0 0 0 0
TEXTMATES 6 13 19 25 8 10 18 25 14 16 30 41.7 0 2 2 2.8
OTHERS 2 1 3 2.78 0 0 0 0 2 2 4 5.56 24 34 58 81.9
NO CELLPHONE 4 2 6 8.33 4 2 6 8.33 4 2 6 8.3 4 2 6 8.3
TOTAL 31 41 72 100 31 41 72 100 32 40 72 100 32 40 72 100

This table shows the percentage of to whom the students of Aldersgate College first year send their messages.

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

 Summary

After floating questionnaires regarding the effect of texting to the spelling proficiency of first year student of Aldersgate College Science High School, the researchers came up with the following significant data that texting habits had diminished the spelling proficiency of the students. 

           

Conclusion

The researcher therefore conclude that texting habits affect the declining spelling proficiency of students, text languages often confuse the students with the correct spelling of the words leading to usually misspelled words.

 

Recommendation

            The researcher would like to recommend that a further study about the effect of texting in the spelling proficiency of students would be done in a longer period of time with a larger number of respondents who should be observed in an adequate period of time.

PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES

Researcher: Cathelyn C. Mariano

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to determine the antimicrobial properties of hag-ob leaf extract which can be a source of raw materials in the production of antibodies or antibacterial medicines. This study also aimed to provide preliminary assessment on the phytochemicals present in the leaves of hag-ob which can possibly be utilized as medicinal agent.

The phytochemical screening was confined to the detection of important phytochemical constituents that exhibit biological activity like alkaloids, saponins, antraquinones, flavonoids and tannins. The antimicrobial properties were evaluated using the Mcfarland Turbidity Standard and Microbiological Assay Method.  The antimicrobial screening was designed to detect the antimicrobial activity of the plant extract against representative test organisms of gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria and fungi.

Based on the preliminary assessment, hag-ob leaf extract contains alkaloids, antraquinones, coumarines, essential oils, flavonoids, higher alcohols, phenols, steroids and tannins.

The leaf extract contains bioactive components that can inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. The inhibitory effect of the extract on the three test organisms was interpreted as very active; hence, the extract can be a source of raw materials in the production of antibodies and antibacterial medicines.

Faculty Action Research

Focus : Achieving Quality in Education: Strategies for Change
Topic : Assessment Procedures – theory and practice

Title : INTEGRATING E-LEARNING AMONG THIRD YEAR BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STUDENTS TAKING UP COMPUTER SYSTEMS  AND ADVANCE COMPUTER NETWORKING COURSES AT  ALDERSGATE COLLEGE

By: MARLOU FELIX S. CUNANAN III, MBA, MIT

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

In 1922 Thomas Edison predicted that “the motion picture is destined to revolutionize our educational system and … in a few years it will supplant largely, if not entirely, the use of textbooks.” Twenty-three years later, in 1945, William, the director of the Cleveland public schools’ radio station, claimed that “the time may come when a portable radio receiver will be as common in the classroom as is the blackboard.” Forty years after that the noted psychologist B. F. Skinner, referring to the first days of his “teaching machines,” in the late 1950s and early 1960s, wrote, “I was soon saying that, with the help of teaching machines and programmed instruction, students could learn twice as much in the same time and with the same effort as in a standard classroom.” Ten years after Skinner’s recollections were published; President Bill Clinton campaigned for “a bridge to the twenty-first century … where computers are as much a part of the classroom as blackboards.” Clinton was not alone in his enthusiasm for a program estimated to cost somewhere between $40 billion and $100 billion over the next five years. Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich, talking about computers to the Republican National Committee early this year [1997], said, “We could do so much to make education available twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, that people could literally have a whole different attitude toward learning.”

Looking back on the last century and the comment by Oppenheimer, it is interesting to note how there has been a subtle shift in focus from promoting a variety of information and communication technologies in the learning environment to the expectation that education could be available twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. What was omitted was the additional time period of 365 days a year. It is this leap of understanding that has taken many people in education by surprise and accounts for a healthy dose of both skepticism and optimism. Since 1997 when Oppenheimer wrote his paper The Computer DELUSION, examples of 24/7 education in schools has not evolved at the anticipated rapid rate to meet the promise and expectations. This is in direct contrast to the enormous growth of the Internet and the level of access in both homes and schools over the past four years. Greater access does not infer greater uptake of e-education.

The e-learning approach on the program is based on an underlying assumption that engagement in study will take place alongside participants’ professional work, with academic study enhanced by reference to current practice, and direct relevance of study to challenges and issues within the work context. With this in mind, almost all modules encourage assignments and project work to be contextualized within real educational contexts, and students are encouraged to combine a depth of exploration into issues pertaining to e-learning within their own contexts with mutual and peer learning through comparison and contrast with the contexts of their online colleagues.

All have been involved in the design of active learning activities which include online seminars, mini-action research projects, the development, implementation and evaluation of a period of e-Teaching Practice, the design and development of e-resources, and the development of a collaboratively-owned e-dossier comprising individual papers investigating a negotiated theme and topic related to e-learning management and implementation.

Engagement in this program has provided a valued form of professional development for some other academic colleagues and support staff across the college and has been instrumental in informing the development of online provision of modules and program within their own departments and faculty.

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Centralized Baptismal Certification Record

by Shela Gay Lajer

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
We are now living in the world of modernization wherein every aspect of our lives is now technologically advanced. Our generation is now dubbed as the “Information Era” wherein every piece of information is essential in the sense that a single mistake would cause a lot of trouble.
As one of the developing and progressing country, Philippines now is trying to innovate in terms of technology for us not to be left by the trends in Information and Communications Technology (ICT). From manual procedures, we try to automate our transactions. One good instance is the Civil Registry System of the National Statistics Office which involves the computerization of the civil registry operations of NSO. NSO-CRS is a centralized information system designed to collect, store and manage civil registry documents (CRDs) and the specimen signature of all city and municipal registrars including all CRS authorized signatories, using the imaging technology.
As we can perceive, every establishments are also leveling up their awareness in technologies. The supermarkets, malls, grocery stores, offices, gasoline stations, restaurants, hotels, lodges, banks, offices and even the smallest business enterprise uses computerized programs to fasten their transactions specially in transactions which involves documents, files, records and money.
The inspiration behind the conceptualization of this study is the perceived transaction in the Serbilis Center at the National Statistics Office in the province. The idea is that if they can have that kind of transaction why not apply to the churches for them to experience this new trend of  technology considering that churches are not exempted from progress. One more inspiration is that the curiosity that bugs the mind of the researcher on how the NSO employee can download the certificate without using the internet.

It is for this reasons that the researcher have sought of conducting a study for the benefits of the church and its members entitled “CENTRALIZED BAPTISMAL CERTIFICATION RECORD MANAGEMENT AND INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR CATHOLIC CHURCHES IN THE DIOCESE OF BAYOMBONG”. Although churches have separate legislation from the government, they still are entitled to sustain progress not only spiritually but technologically as well. The researcher has chosen to propose the study to the Catholic parishioners of the Diocese of Bayombong, because according to researches that the researcher has made, aside from the fact that the researcher is located in the research locale, the diocese consists of numbers of churches which has numerous devotees.

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THE HEALTH AND SANITATION PROBLEMS AND PRACTICES OF PUPILS OF STO. DOMINGO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, BAMBANG NUEVA VTZCAYA

Researcher       JAKE N. FABIAN

INTRODUCTION

This study aimed to determine the health and sanitation problems and practices of selected pupils of Sto. Domingo Elementary School, Sto. Domingo, Bambang Nueva Vizcaya. Specifically, it sought to give answer to the profile of the pupils in the terms of age, gender, parent’s occupation, family background and family income. The health and sanitation practices were those in the terms of practices done in the school, in their homes in the community. Health problems were those common problems like   fever and chills, skin diseases, dental problems and malnutrition.

The descriptive-normative survey was used in this study with a questionnaire as its main gathering instrument. A total of 125 pupils chosen through random sampling were the pupil-respondents of the study. On the other hand, seven teacher-respondents were asked to fill up the health survey form to identify the percentage of school population found to suffer from health problems. The frequency, percentage and weighted mean were employed to treat the data.

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PARENTS AWARENESS ABOUT DENGUE

Researcher: Jake N. Fabian

INTRODUCTION

Dengue Fever (DF) and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) are endemic in the Philippines.  The biggest recorded epidemic in the Philippines occurred in 1996 in Metro Manila with a morbidity rate of 28 / 100,000 and a mortality rate of 0.7/100,000. DHF cases are increasing with the average 5 – year morbidity in 1979 to 1983. 1984 to 1988 and 1989 to 1993 were 1.54/100,000, 3.85/100,000 and 12.12/100,000, respectively. In 1998, nearly 32,000 cases and 500 deaths were reported from all regions, the over-all case fatality rate was 2%.

Dengue is the most important arthropod-borne viral disease of public health significance. Its geographic distribution includes more than 100 countries worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than 2.5 Billion people are at risk of dengue infection. As per estimate, over 50 million infections with about 400,000 cases of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) are reported annually which is a leading cause of childhood mortality in several Asian countries. Affecting mostly children, the case fatality rates range from less than 1% to 10%.

According to the National Epidemiology Center (NEC) – Department of Health (DOH), 3,771 cases of Dengue Fever has been reported since April 2005. The country has reached its epidemic threshold in January and February this year.

Since 1998, as part of the national government’s thrust to control Dengue epidemics, DOH has initiated Community clean-up operations. Public information campaigns have been launched. Most notable of the government’s aggressive campaign is the launching of the “Four o’clock Habit” which mobilizes the communities and schools to clean their environment every 4:00 PM.

But despite these initiatives by the Philippine government, Dengue remains to be an important cause of pediatric admission. Much needs to be done in finding effective strategies for behavior change of the community toward dengue. Since prevention and early recognition are important in decreasing morbidity and mortality, the knowledge, attitude and practices of parents are important factors to be evaluated.

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Pregnancy in Women with Physical Disability

The WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION defines the term DISABILITY as a consequence of impairments, activity

limitations, participation restrictions, and environmental factors.

In relation to the article Pregnancy in Women with Physical Disability (Smeltzer, 2007), I would rather focus my concern sharing my ideas on women with physical disabilities as to their needs, problems and concerns not only during pregnancy but also during labor and delivery and also after childbirth or during puerperium/postpartum.

In general, women with physical disabilities are stereotyped, forgetting that the reproductive stage that they too are endowed with the capacity to be impregnated, able to carry the products of conception for the whole duration to full term, can go through the process of childbirth and can accept and perform the new roles and responsibilities of a mother beginning at puerperium/postpartum.

Health Care Providers who are not familiar with the health care needs of this group of women should take into consideration the important issues and experiences of these women.

Health care for women with disabilities related to pregnancy, childbearing and puerperium should start with effective and appropriate communication.  Communication addressed and care rendered to women with disabilities should be empowering, strengthens their abilities and should boost their morale for emotional stability.

As mentioned by Misra, Grasen, and Weisman (2000) “women with disabilities should receive preconception counseling to make sure that they are in the healthiest condition giving emphasis on nutritional status, weight control, cessation of smoking and alcohol use, and treatment of any active symptoms or secondary conditions related to disability.”

During the period of Pregnancy Cycle, Santiago (2002); and Nasek et. al., (1977) had identified some barriers which prevent women with disabilities from obtaining prenatal care suitable and appropriate for their condition.  Health Care Providers should take the efforts to improve rendered prenatal care amidst their disabilities so that these pregnant women with disabilities can receive care in a comfortable and dignified manner.  Negative attitudes of Health Care Providers and lack of physical access to equipment of the facility and environments ranked number one among the barriers; hence this serves as an awakening on the part of the Health Care Providers.

Like other women, those with disabilities are often anxious and concerned about the labor and delivery process they are about to experience.  Assessment and care rendered to these patients should not warrant the safety and well-being of a woman and her baby and evaluation and decisions of type of care based on the assessment obtained should be based on sound obstetric indications rather than the mere presence of a disability.

Necessary care during the puerperium/postpartum period rendered to women with disabilities may require longer period of stay in the hospital.  Easy access to her infant should be made possible as suggested by Carty (1998) and Madorsky (1995) for the purpose of establishing feelings of fulfillment on the part of the mother.  Other new roles and responsibilities should be well explained and words of encouragement should be given especially so with breastfeeding providing all the necessary assistance and guidance for these women with disabilities to gain independence in caring for their infants.

Smeltzer’s (2007) concludes that nurses aim to be holistic in their approach to the patients in their care.  Thus, women with disabilities who are pregnant or considering pregnancy should expect that the holistic approach be extended to them, and that clinicians will welcome their legitimate claim to be parents and provide them care and support through their pregnancies, during the labor and delivery processes and the postpartum period.#

By Mrs. Phoebe Bacayana

Director, Reproductive Health Care Center

Aldersgate College

A Design Prototype Automatic Transfer Switch for Nueva Vizcaya Provincial Operating Room

Author: Bose, Ronnel C,
Purisima, Rolando M. Jr.
Duclan, Jimmy A.
Adviser: Mr. Angelito G. Capuno
Degree: BSEE

The study is an applied research that deals on the design of an Automatic Transfers Switch intended for the consumption of NVPH Operating Room.

The study was conducted to promote & create cheaper and reliable alternative methods of having Automatic Switch Transfer (ATS). Currently ATS available in the market are expensive that only few institutions can afford. This study will allow establishments enjoy uninterrupted power supply at the least possible cost.

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